The Air Force is at a major juncture in the development of command and control (C2) capabilities. Under the aegis of the Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS) and Joint All-Domain Command and Control (JADC2) programs, the Air Force is pushing ahead with efforts to modernize its C2 architecture by capitalizing on emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence and machine learning. Faced with the heightened threat environment created by America’s adversaries, these investments are critical to the Air Force’s ability to operate and win in future conflicts. To maximize the advantages yielded by new technologies, the Air Force must develop a tiered strategy for modernizing its C2 capabilities, one in which the human professional remains at the core. At the Mitchell Institute’s new policy paper, the panel explores how the Air Force can pursue a holistic risk mitigation approach to C2ISR that blends innovation, operationally mature systems, and backup redundancies. Maj Gen (Ret.) Larry Stutzriem, Director of Research of the Mitchell Institute, leads a discussion with author Doug Birkey and Air Force Air Battle Managers Col Nelson “Bigfoot” Rouleau and Maj Alex “Big Bobby” Wallis.